What Was The Purpose Of The Sykes Picot Agreement


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The aim was to compensate for the loss of military power in the Middle Eastern Theatre of the First World War, when Russian (tsarist) troops withdrew from the Caucasus campaign, although they were replaced by troops from the First Republic of Armenia. [39] It was clear to the Italians that the territory allocated to them might not be easily abandoned by the Turkish Empire, so the British Prime Minister proposed a vague formula for post-war adjustment if the actual post-war allocation did not appear to be balanced. [40] In his doctoral thesis, Gibson discussed the role of oil in British strategic thinking at the time and referred to Vilayet Mosul as France`s largest potential oil field in 1918 to accept its accession to the mandate of Iraq (the Clemenceau Lloyd George Agreement) in exchange for “a share of oil and British aid elsewhere”. [53] The Franco-British agreement faced a double opposition: the Turkish national revolt of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Anatolia, which opposed the Treaty of Sevres; and the rise of hashemites to power in Mesopotamia (now Iraq) and Syria. In May, Clayton Balfour stated that in response to the indication that the agreement had been shaken, “It allowed for a significant revision to be necessary in light of the changes that have taken place in the situation since the development of the agreement,” but that he nevertheless felt that “the agreement applies anyway.” At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 19 April 1917, a provisional agreement was reached between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, as well as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, to settle the Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London. [38] The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East. Meanwhile, at the end of May, the French in power, who made themselves available to the armed forces, continued to expect that the British would be replaced by French troops in Syria, even though they had argued over the exact geographical boundaries of these forces and, more generally, at the expense of relations; After the 21st meeting, Lloyd George Clemenceau had written and cancelled the Long-Bérenger oil agreement (revised version agreed at the end of April), which claimed that he did not know or want it to become a subject, while Clemenceau claimed that this had not been the subject of a dispute. There were also discussions about what was agreed or not at the private meeting between Clemenceau and Lloyd George last December. [96] [97] George Curzon said: the great powers remain committed to the Organic Regulation Agreement, regarding governance and non-interference in the affairs of the Maronite, Orthodox Christian, Druze and Muslim communities with regard to beirut Vilayet of June 1861 and September 1864, adding that the rights granted to France in Syria and parts of Turkey under Sykes-Picot , are incompatible with this agreement. [78] In his introduction to a symposium on Sykes-Picot in 2016, law professor Anghie notes that much of the agreement entrusts “trade and trade agreements, access to ports and the construction of railways.” [50] United States